At kelvin Grove Primary School, our geography curriculum reflects the diversity of our school, ensuring our children learn about a variety of places, people, resources, natural and human environments. They also develop a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Our geography curriculum is enhanced by trips and visitors, as these bring the curriculum alive to our children and create lifelong memorable experiences. 


The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:


  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
    – collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
    – interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
    – communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

Geography Content

Key Stage 1

Pupils should develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality.
They should understand basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical
geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to
enhance their locational awareness.

(for a further breakdown please see skills document attached further down the page)

Key Stage 2

Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include
the United Kingdom and Europe, North and South America. This will include the location
and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features.
They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to
enhance their locational and place knowledge.

(for a further breakdown please see skills document attached further down the page)

Kelvin Grove Primary School - M Chambers

Geography Lead: Miss Chambers

Geography Skills and Progression


At Kelvin Grove, we ensure geography skills are taught alongside year group content. We created a whole school document to ensure clear progression of skills is evident across each year group. The areas we focus on are as follows:


  • Geographical Enquiry
  • Geographical knowledge
  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography

Geography: Knowledge Organisers


At Kelvin Grove, we use Knowledge organisers to help support the pupils during lessons, reinforce and revisit learning and use these to assess the pupils and identify gaps within the unit of work. 

Knowledge organisers contain the following:

  • Specific geography vocabulary linked to unit of work;
  • Key pictures and images to support vocabulary;
  • Question prompts to support formative assessment.

Year 1 Autumn: Year 1

Year 2 Autumn: Year 2

Year 3 Autumn: Year 3

Year 4 Autumn: Year 4

Year 5 Autumn: Year 5

Year 6 Autumn: Year 6

Year 1 Spring:
Year 1

Year 2 Spring:
Year 2

Year 3 Spring:
Year 3 

Year 4 Spring:
Year 4

Year 5 Spring:
Year 5

Year 6 Spring:
Year 6 

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