At Kelvin Grove Primary School, our history curriculum enables pupils to develop better understanding of the world in which we live. Building knowledge and understanding of historical events and trends enables them to develop a much greater appreciation for current events today and feel a sense of belonging where they fit into our world. A high-quality history education will help pupils gain a coherent knowledge and understanding of Britain’s past and that of the wider world. It should inspire pupils’ curiosity to know more about the past. Teaching should equip pupils to ask perceptive questions, think critically, weigh evidence, sift arguments, and develop perspective and judgement. History helps pupils to understand the complexity of people’s lives, the process of change, the diversity of societies and relationships between different groups, as well as their own identity and the challenges of their time.

The national curriculum for history aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • know and understand the history of these islands as a coherent, chronological narrative, from the earliest times to the present day: how people’s lives have shaped this nation and how Britain has influenced and been influenced by the wider world.
  • know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations; the expansion and dissolution of empires; characteristic features of past non-European societies; achievements and follies of mankind.
  • gain and deploy a historically grounded understanding of abstract terms such as ‘empire’, ‘civilisation’, ‘parliament’ and ‘peasantry’.
  • understand historical concepts such as continuity and change, cause and consequence, similarity, difference and significance, and use them to make connections, draw contrasts, analyse trends, frame historically-valid questions and create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses.
  • understand the methods of historical enquiry, including how evidence is used rigorously to make historical claims, and discern how and why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed.
  • gain historical perspective by placing their growing knowledge into different contexts, understanding the connections between local, regional, national and international history; between cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history; and between short- and long-term timescales.

History Content

Key Stage 1

Pupils should develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating to the passing of time. They should know where the people and events they study fit within a chronological framework and identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They should use a wide vocabulary of everyday historical terms. They should ask and answer questions, choosing and using parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand key features of events. They should understand some of the ways in which we find out about the past and identify different ways in which it is represented.


Pupils should be taught about:

  • changes within living memory. Where appropriate, these should be used to reveal aspects of change in national life.
  • events beyond living memory that are significant nationally or globally [for example, the Great Fire of London, the first aeroplane flight or events commemorated through festivals or anniversaries].
  • the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements. Some should be used to compare aspects of life in different periods [for example, Elizabeth I and Queen Victoria, Christopher Columbus and Neil Armstrong, William Caxton and Tim Berners-Lee, Pieter Bruegel the Elder and LS Lowry, Rosa Parks and Emily Davison, Mary Seacole and/or Florence Nightingale and Edith Cavell].
  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.


Key Stage 2

Pupils should continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study. They should note connections, contrasts and trends over time and develop the appropriate use of historical terms. They should regularly address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance. They should construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information. They should understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources.


Pupils should be taught about:

    • changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age.
    • the Roman Empire and its impact on Britain.
    • Britain’s settlement by Anglo-Saxons and Scots.
    • the Viking and Anglo-Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor.
    • a local history study.
    • a study of an aspect or theme in British history that extends pupils’ chronological knowledge beyond 1066.
    • the achievements of the earliest civilizations – an overview of where and when the first civilizations appeared and a depth study of one of the following: Ancient Sumer; The Indus Valley; Ancient Egypt; The Shang Dynasty of Ancient China.
    • Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world.
    • a non-European society that provides contrasts with British history – one study chosen from: early Islamic civilization, including a study of Baghdad c. AD 900; Mayan civilization c. AD 900; Benin (West Africa) c. AD 900-1300. 


History Lead: Miss S Chaudhry

I can always remember (throughout my school and university life) being curious and fascinated by the different time periods in History and how events, culture and people in the past resonate with our current, modern times. The enjoyment of exploring historical sites, museums and artefacts has allowed me to develop skills of questioning, debating, and communicating with a wide range of people, including our budding historians in school. Seeing the curiosity and fascination that I had as a pupil at Kelvin Grove many years ago to our pupils now brings such pleasure and delight in teaching, (and continuing) learning and leading a subject that I am incredibly passionate about. History well and truly rocks!

To ensure progress between year groups we have key historical focuses within our topics. We call these concepts ‘threads’ and we build upon these from years 1 to 6. Our key historical concepts are:

  1. Settlements
  2. Culture
  3. Religion
  4. Industry & Invention
  5. Economy
  6. Power & Rule
  7. Empire
  8. Parliament

This document also supports the planning process as teachers are able to look back into previous year groups and identify the coverage of a particular historical concept.

Skills & Progression Documents 


At Kelvin Grove, we believe historical skills must be taught alongside historical knowledge. Therefore, we have created a whole school document to ensure clear progression of skills is evident across each year group. The areas we focus on are as follows:


  • Knowledge and understanding of events, people and changes in the past;
  • Historical enquiry;
  • Chronological understanding;
  • Historical Interpretation;
  • Organisation and communication.

Year 1 Skills & Progression

Year 1 History – Skills Progression

Year 2 Skills & Progression

Year 2 History – Skills Progression

Year 3 Skills & Progression

Year 3 History – Skills Progression


Year 4 Skills & Progression

Year 4 History – Skills Progression

Year 5 Skills & Progression

Year 5 History – Skills Progression

Year 6 Skills & Progression

Year 6 History – Skills Progression

Knowledge Organisers


Knowledge organisers are used to support teachers, support staff, pupils and parents. They contain the following:


  • Key topic and abstract vocabulary;
  • Images to support understanding and retention;
  • Specific reference to our school’s historical skills document;
  • Questioning to support retention, develop enquiry skills and guide pupils in class.

Spring Term
Year 2 – Regal Royals

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